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Fig

Ficus carica

Common Fig; Higuera

About This Plant

Sun or partial shade. Fig is one of the earliest cultivated plants, and one of the seven Middle Eastern plants described as providing year-round food supply (the others are wheat, barley, pomegranate, date, grape, and olive.) The biblical quote “everyone under his own vine and fig tree” is a proverbial expression of peace and prosperity. Figs are best grown in organically rich, moist, well-drained soils, but are tolerant of many local conditions as long as summers are hot and soils are deep. They respond well to soil amendment when planted. Figs resist cold wind and dry weather; in fact they crop best in a dry season, since too much water may cause the fruit to split. The fruit ripens in summer, and sometimes again in autumn. It typically attracts many birds and other wildlife.

Origins: Middle East and Western Asia.

Maintenance

Figs appreciate some supplemental summer water, especially during drought. Expect litter from fruit drop in summer, and leaf drop in fall. Figs require some training, especially for fruit production.

Delicate sweetness belies the tough nature of this ancient fruit.

Min. Height: 15'

Max Height: 20 feet'

Min. Width: 15'

Max Width: 20 feet'

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