Passiflora foetida var. gossypifolia
Corona de Cristo, Santo Papa, Little Mary
Southwestern U.S., Caribbean, and tropical Americas.
- Central Texas
- Full Sun
About This Plant
Sun/part shade; a fast-growing native vine with, as the name suggests, leaves that emit a pungent odor when damaged. The reddish fruits contain a somewhat sweet flavored pulp. The unique floral structure and the numbers of its parts were used by Spanish missionaries to teach the story of the last days of Jesus. Indispensable in the butterfly garden, passion flower is the food source for the Gulf Fritillary butterfly. (The caterpillars look spiky but are harmless – let them munch away if you want loads of butterflies.) Passionflower is considered a protocarnivorous plant, with sticky enzymes that trap and partially digest insects to discourage predation. Various passion flowers are available in the landscape trade, some invasive, but this species is native throughout the New World.
None required; expect it to freeze back in winter.
10-40' H, 6-8' W
Clay, Sandy, Thin
Birds, Butterflies, Butterfly Larvae
April, May, June, July, August, September, October